Questions about the deaths of 19 hotshots may never be answered, attorney saysPosted: Updated:
It’s been more than three and a half years since 19 firefighters were killed battling the Yarnell Hill fire, and their families still have lingering questions.
“We don't know why the Granite Mountain Hotshots weren't provided with proper communications equipment,” said attorney David Abney. “We don't know why they weren't equipped with proper fire shelters that were rated to deal with a wildfire.”
“We don’t know why the air traffic controller [went home] at the critical time when the Granite Mountain Hotshots were most threatened, when they needed water drops,” he said.
The only hope of answering those questions now, according to the Abney, is the Arizona Supreme Court.
On Friday, a state appeals court ruled Abney’s client, the mother of hotshot Grant McKee, has no legal right to sue the state for wrongful death, even if her claims of gross negligence are true. The case highlights the legal difficulties facing families of state workers killed on the job when trying to take the state to court.
Under Arizona law, state workers injured or killed on the job are only entitled to workers’ compensation. Families of the other 18 fallen hotshots have already accepted settlements based on the workers' compensation formula, each for $50,000 or less, Abney said.
The one exception: if workers, or their heirs, can prove there was “willful misconduct” involved in their injury. That powerful language gives the state immunity to claims involving negligence or gross negligence that other government entities are subject to, Abney said.
“The state should be as liable as anybody else,” Abney said.
Although the Granite Mountain Hotshots were employed by the City of Prescott, they were effectively state employees at the time of the incident, a lower court ruled. The appeals court affirmed that ruling Friday. That means the “willful misconduct” standard applies.
In a unanimous appeals court opinion, Presiding Judge Andrew W. Gould wrote that willful misconduct “requires proof of deliberate, intentional misconduct.”
“The complaint alleges a series of negligent and grossly negligent acts that, if proven, culminated in the deaths of the Granite Mountain Hotshot crew; however, it does not allege these acts were done knowingly and purposely with the direct object of injuring the firefighters,” he wrote.
Gould then referenced the fact that a division supervisor and an air tactical supervisor left their posts during the firefight, and said that even if their actions amounted to dereliction of duty causing McKee’s death, McKee’s mother still did not have grounds to sue the state.
“Appellant does not allege that either of the supervisors did so with the deliberate intention of harming McKee or any member of the Granite Mountain Hotshot crew,” he wrote.
Abney said the only way to find out the intentions of the air tactical supervisor, who declined interviews with investigators, would be through the civil court process of depositions – which the appeals court blocked.
“The state is responsible for killing 19 fine, brave firefighters. Unless this case goes through, we will never find out exactly what the state did wrong that resulted in their deaths,” he said. “What we know so far is gross misconduct, extreme negligence. We don't know the whole story. And unless we can get back in the trial court, no one ever will.”
He plans to file an appeal to the Arizona Supreme Court later this month.
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