If the shutdown lasts into the end of October, the Department of Veterans Affairs says it will run out of money for compensation and pension checks to more than 3.6 million veterans. This will affect veterans who rely on the money to pay for combat-related injuries and other support services.
Federal Workers furloughed
The Federal Government estimates that more than a third of its workers will be forced to stay home, a number approximating 800,000 of the nation's 2.1 million federal employees.
Frozen: federal loans for rural areas, small businesses, families buying a home
If you need a federal loan to buy a home, you will have to wait. Most employees who process applications will be sent home, and the government will not be authorized to make any new loans to farmers or small businesses.
National Parks will immediately shut down at midnight.
Possible Passport Delays
The State Department is equipped with funding outside of Congressional appropriations. However, expect significant delays in requesting a new passport. For students or tourists overseas, embassies and consulates will run as normal.
Services that will continue
Paychecks for Active Military Personnel
Paychecks would continue for about a week. Checks sent out on Oct. 1 will not be affected. No active military personnel will be furloughed. All active-duty military are classified as essential, and should report as scheduled Tuesday.
IF a shutdown lasts longer than one week, the Pentagon may have to delay paychecks sent out on Oct. 15.
You will still get your mail
The U.S. Postal Service will continue normal deliveries, its business unit or employees are not affected by the shutdown.
Law enforcement and emergency and disaster assistance
All services considered critical to national security, public safety and health will operate as normal.
Social Security is a mandatory spending program. The people who mail social security checks are considered necessary personnel. However, there will be delays in processing new Social Security applications.
Veterans Hospitals will continue to fill prescriptions, offer inpatient care and offer counseling.
The President's Paycheck
The president's $400,000 salary is mandatory spending, but like other government employees, his future paychecks in could be delayed if the shutdown persists.
Members of Congress will also continue to be paid, a policy enacted under the 27th Amendment to the Constitution, ratified in 1992.
Unemployment benefits will still be paid
Unemployment benefits will continue, since they are considered essential functions of the Employment and Training Administration.
Food stamps will continue
Funds for food stamps do not expire for another year, and are paid for through the Recovery Act, according to the U.S. Department of Agriculture.