DALLAS (AP) -- As thousands of unaccompanied immigrant children have poured into South Texas, community leaders from Dallas to Los Angeles to Syracuse, N.Y., have offered to set up temporary shelters to relieve the Army bases, holding cells and converted warehouses at the border.
The outreach offers stand in sharp contrast to other places around the country, where some protested having immigrants from Central America come to their towns while the nation's leaders attempt to find solutions to the issue.
In Dallas County, Judge Clay Jenkins has offered three county buildings that could hold as many as 2,000 migrants at one time.
"These are just like your and my children, except that they're scared and they're dirty and they're tired and they're terrified," Jenkins said. "We can take some pressure off those border troops and let them get out of the childcare business and back into the border security business."
More than 57,000 unaccompanied children have been apprehended since October, the Border Patrol says. Three-fourths of them are from Honduras, Guatemala and El Salvador, and say they are fleeing pervasive gang violence and crushing poverty. By the time they have reached South Texas, they have survived a treacherous journey through drug-war-torn Mexico.
President Obama has asked Congress to authorize $3.7 billion in emergency spending to increase enforcement at the border, build more facilities to temporarily house the unaccompanied minors, and beef up legal aid. White House Press Secretary Josh Earnest has said the government will entitle due process but will not guarantee a "welcome to this country with open arms."
In the meantime, from California to Massachusetts, communities are offering to build or rehab facilities to take in child migrants until they connect with relatives, plea asylum cases or enter into foster care. The U.S. Department of Health and Human Services is responsible for ensuring one of those three outcomes before it deports any minor.
Demonstrators in Murrieta, California, made national headlines for their strong opposition to the child migrants. But while protesters frustrated efforts to process immigrant families there, other California communities have been encouraging agencies to build shelters and start programs to assist unaccompanied children caught crossing the border.
Los Angeles Mayor Eric Garcetti has been working with federal officials and local nonprofits to try to provide shelter and legal representation for the children, noting that many are likely planning to reunite with their parents. In San Francisco, county officials are also looking at ways to help provide medical, mental health, educational and legal services once the children are released from federal custody.
Thousands of miles from where the children are entering the country, Massachusetts Gov. Deval Patrick said Friday that HHS officials will review Camp Edwards military base on Cape Cod and Westover Air Reserve Base in Chicopee to see if either is suitable for holding as many as 1,000 children.
And Syracuse Mayor Stephanie Miner wrote in a letter to Obama that her city would "welcome the opportunity to provide shelter" as part of a loose network of U.S. cities that have traditionally taken in and resettled refugees.
"We're not telling the political leaders how they long-term resolve the crisis," said Rich Eychaner, the founder and director of an eponymous nonprofit aiming to find foster homes in Iowa for 1,000 migrant children. "We're simply saying there are a lot of resources, there are a lot of big hearts, there are a lot of big homes in Iowa, and we have space, and we have the capacity to do this."
In other communities, however, leaders are showing their opposition by passing ordinances and sponsoring legislation. In Michigan, Maryland and Murrieta, California, protesters have used demonstrations and graffiti to make their point.
South of Houston, the town of League City passed a resolution refusing any request - should one ever come from the federal government - to set up detention or processing centers there, citing "health concerns."
A group of Southeast Texas mayors said they support a bill proposed by U.S. Rep. Peter Olson that would give local communities 90 days to assess any federal request to house unaccompanied children who have illegally crossed into the U.S. A congressman from Nebraska introduced similar legislation.
Federal law will likely pre-empt these efforts, but they remain a forceful expression of hostility toward the idea of temporary shelter for the migrants. Americans for Legal Immigration, a political action committee classified by the Southern Poverty Law Center as a hate group, has helped organize nearly 300 demonstrations for this weekend.
Iowa Gov. Terry Branstad has said offering shelter sends a false signal that people who enter the country illegally are welcome.
Back in Dallas County, Jenkins' proposal has elicited hundreds of critical voice messages and emails. Gina Perkins of Grand Prairie, Texas, left a message protesting the use of a vacant school building as a shelter.
"I vehemently oppose providing anything but a ticket home to these illegals," she said.
Associated Press writers Barbara Rodriguez in Des Moines, Iowa; Margery Beck in Omaha, Nebraska; and Amy Taxin in Tustin, California, contributed to this report.
US views on child immigrant crisis, at a glance
U.S. communities have diverged greatly on their attitude toward sheltering throngs of unaccompanied Central American children who have crossed the border from Mexico since October. Here's a look at how things are playing out across the country:
6/20: Federal officials canceled a plan to bring in hundreds of underage Central American migrants to a shuttered private school in Lawrenceville, Virginia, after residents expressed their opposition.
6/28: A judge announced as many as 2,000 unaccompanied immigrant children could be transported from the Texas-Mexico border to three temporary housing facilities in Dallas County by the end of July.
7/1: In Murrieta, California, Homeland Security buses carrying migrant children and families were rerouted to a facility in San Diego after American flag-waving protesters blocked the group from reaching a suburban processing center.
7/9: The city council of League City, Texas, a Houston suburb, passed a resolution saying the city will not cooperate with any federal request to house immigrant children who are in the country illegally.
7/14: Someone spray-painted a former Army Reserve Center in Westminster, Maryland that was under consideration with graffiti saying: `No illeagles here. No undocumented Democrats.'
7/15: About 50 people with U.S. flags, rifles and handguns turned out in Vassar, Michigan, about 70 miles northwest of Detroit, to protest a social service organization's proposal to house child migrants in a training center.
7/16: Protesters in Oracle, Arizona waved "Return to Sender" signs, shoved a group of mariachi musicians and waited for a bus of immigrant children that the local sheriff told them would arrive. At one point, they briefly halted a bus before realizing it was carrying children from a YMCA.
7/17: In a letter to President Obama, Syracuse Mayor Stephanie Miner asked that the federal government's relocation from the U.S.-Mexico border to shelters in the upstate New York community be expedited.
7/18: An emotional Massachusetts Gov. Deval Patrick proposed two possible locations to temporarily shelter as many as 1,000 unaccompanied children crossing the nation's southern border.
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